Uneven skin: Causes and Best Ingredients
There are a variety of causes for rough skin, including genetics, sun damage, inflammation, and acne. While there is no one-size-fits-all solution to uneven skin, some ingredients can help improve your skin's appearance.
Causes of Uneven Skin Tone :
1. Sunlight radiations
sunspots that form when your skin is constantly exposed to sunlight over prolonged periods lay the foundation for an uneven skin tone. When unprotected from sunlight for extended periods, your skin's defense mechanism produces excess quantities of melanin as a shield against the sun's ultraviolet radiation. It would be best to have sunspots examined and treated without delay.
2. Skin inflammation
Uneven skin tone can often develop after you suffer skin-related traumas like acne, chickenpox, eczema flare-ups, or even injuries like cuts and burns. Upon healing, such trauma leads to scarring or dark spots.
3. Hormonal imbalances
People in certain specific phases of their lives – adolescence, pregnancy, menopause - experience heightened glandular activity, leading to the hormonal imbalances responsible for hyperpigmentation conditions and lead to an uneven skin tone.
4. Genetics and aging
From our middle-age years onwards, the skin begins to lose its original plumpness, tone, and smooth feel as part of aging. Age spots, fine lines, and wrinkles start to make their presence felt and give your skin an uneven tone.
Constantly floating in the outdoor air, pollutants such as dust, smoke, vehicular emissions, chemicals, and carbon dioxide are known to damage your skin. After contact with your body, these air-borne pollutants quietly seep through the pores to generate free radicals that attack the skin's collagen and elastin reserves.
Best ingredients to tackle uneven skin :
Licorice extract contains an active compound called liquiritin that helps clear out existing dark spots and evens skin complexion by dispersing the melanin.
Vitamin C is known to help reduce discoloration in the skin. Using vitamin C on hyperpigmented skin can reduce discoloration by up to 60%. Vitamin C inhibits specific steps of melanin formation, stopping hyperpigmentation from occurring at a cellular level.
Also known as vitamin B3 is a water-soluble vitamin that works with the natural substances in your skin to help visibly minimize enlarged pores, tighten lax or stretched-out pores, and improve uneven skin tone.
Retinol is a form of vitamin A. It can improve uneven skin tone, treat pigmentation and smooth the skin's surface.
Glycolic acid is an effective exfoliant that can remove dead skin cells. It's well suited to reducing hyperpigmentation, fine lines, and uneven skin tone.
Lactic acid brightens dullness, smooths, and evens skin, making it look firmer. It helps reduce the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and dark spots.